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Despotic Regimes Explained

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Staff writer
newsdesk@greatlakesvoice.com
For those who strive for the spread of democracy, and good governance in Africa and at the global arena, this article is aimed at explaining some complex tendencies which oppressive regimes apply to control the society. In this short article, we’re making a short glossary of oppressive terms in other to get to know them better!
THE OPPRESSIVE LIST
Absolute monarchy or despotic monarchy is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. An absolute monarch wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people. Absolute monarchies are often hereditary but other means of transmission of power are attested.

An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d’état). Absolute monarchy and dictatorship are the main historical forms of autocracy.

A cult of personality arises when an individual uses mass media, propaganda, or other methods to create an idealized, heroic, and at times worshipful image, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.There is no end to evils that an oppressive regime can perform upon its citizens

Despotism is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power. That entity may be an individual, as in an autocracy, or it may be a group, as in an oligarchy. The word despotism means to “rule in the fashion of a despot” and does not necessarily require a singular “despot”.

Dictatorship is a form of government where a country is ruled by one person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure the entity’s power remains strong. A dictatorship is a type of authoritarianism, in which politicians regulate nearly every aspect of the public and private behavior of citizens.

An illiberal democracy, also called a partial democracy, low intensity democracy, empty democracy, or hybrid regime, is a governing system in which, although elections take place, citizens are cut off from knowledge about the activities of those who exercise real power because of the lack of civil liberties. It is not an “open society”.

Oligarchy, meaning “to rule or to command”, is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. These people might be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, corporate, religious or military control.

Political repression is the persecution of an individual or group within society for political reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing their ability to take part in the political life of a society thereby reducing their standing among their fellow citizens.

Totalitarianism is a political system where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible. Totalitarian regimes stay in political power through an all-encompassing propaganda campaign, which is disseminated through the state-controlled mass media, personality cultism, mass surveillance and widespread use of terror.
A tyrant is an absolute ruler unrestrained by law or constitution, or one who has usurped legitimate sovereignty. Often described as a cruel character, a tyrant defends his position by oppressive means, tending to control almost everything in the state.
WHAT TO DO NEXT?
Of course, fighting tyranny is difficult endeavor. For example, do you know that if you play Casino Tropez in Saudi Arabia you can end up in prison, or even worse? That is why tyranny, and its manifold forms, should be fought whenever possible. Spread democracy and free speech, and we are bound to make this world a better place.

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