Commentary

Climate change:MDGs might be at risk due to food insecurity

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By Robert Mugabe

rmugabe@greatlakesvoice.com

children mostly affected-Netphoto

The Millennium Development Goals closely linked to food and nutrition is lagging, particularly with respect to child mortality and maternal mortality. Though, many third world countries like Rwanda insist to be doing well.

As high and volatile food prices continue to impact the world’s poorest people, global action remains critical. Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas, and most depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. In addition, higher food prices have increased, and undernourished.

though, the current condition is attributed to climate change leading to extreme changes in agricultural seasons in most African countries including Rwanda.

As a result, progress towards the Millennium Development Goals, closely linked to food and nutrition are lagging, particularly with respect to child mortality and maternal mortality, according to the World Bank group report.

In developing countries that face more volatile international markets, it is essential to increase the productivity and resilience of food production. One program that stands out for its early results and future potential is the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program, known as GAFSP, which is drawing acclaim from donors, recipients, and civil society.

In Rwanda, 70% of farmers are now using improved farming practices, supported by World Bank group project, [GAFSP] there has reached 6,752 beneficiaries, 54% of them women, however, Prices of daily consumable food have increased significantly supported by government policy of planting more trees to cub the effects of climate change .

World Bank report indicates that 7.5 millions in 12 countries are beneficiaries of GASFP. However, the four countries that report results like Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Niger and Rwanda, food prices are increasing tremendously.

International development agencies in Israel and America last month signed a memorandum of understanding to increase cooperation on food aid to Africa.

The MOU allows for closer cooperation on the issue of food security in four countries: Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Rwanda.

The assistance will include help with food production and crop cycles, as well as addressing environmental issues that go beyond the agricultural sector.

The MOU between USAID and Mashav (the Israel Agency for International Development Cooperation in the Foreign Ministry) is the first of its kind in Africa.

In Nigeria, Africa’s most heavily populated country, an inheritance of corrupted governance and oil exports based economy has left the agriculture sector significantly weakened and millions of Nigerians hungry.

In the year 2005, thousands of children in neighboring Niger died of malnutrition not because the country had had a particularly bad harvest, but because there was a food shortage in Nigeria and people in Niger could not afford the ensuing higher prices.

In conflict ridden DR Congo, The Danish Refugee Council carried out an initial assessment of the villages between Ndele and Ngarba in January 2012 and found that the population displaced in 2009 had returned and was reconstructing its houses. However, it had little or no food security.

“The situation here is really critical and these people need help. Let’s not forget that they’ve been living in a crisis situation without any assistance for the last three years. However, things can get even worse if they continue to be neglected. We need to act now,” warns Vincent Boulardot, livelihoods coordinator for Danish Refugee Council in Central African Republic.

Asia faced its own food crisis as the price of rice doubled last summer, according to the press reports.

In Guatemala, income inequality is amongst the worst in the world, with native communities at a particular difficulty.

In Guatemala, income difference is amongst the worst in the world, with indigenous communities at a particular disadvantage, and all are attributed to bad weather and oil prices. Some experts say the troubles of food insecurity are results of climate change, urban development, population growth and oil price shifts that are interconnected and rarely confined by borders.

This post has already been read 6642 times!

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