When the voiceless become the shock absorbers

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By Robert Mugabe


Administration any where strives to uplift the mechanisms that help the population to engage in production activities. This is done through the implementation of government policies, such as providing education to the people, with an aim of providing the country with human resource that is professional.

Rwanda government has done a good job regarding accessibility of education to all without any discrimination which was opposite in the Habyarimana’s regime.

However, the education system in Rwanda is lacking in quality, as evidenced on the labor market. Graduates with bachelors’ degrees can hardly express themselves either in English, or French and I think this could be the result of policies like automatic promotion, regardless of the student’s performance.

Understandably the government has done a noble job right from 1994, which include building, rehabilitating the class rooms, but then, the quality of education has to be improved as a matter of fact, so as to put to the market competent human resource.

Graduates from Rwanda higher institutions should be as competent as the rest globally and the region in particular. And this can’t just happen without the relevant reforms. It is out of this context that the population holds government accountable.

Whenever some government policies are not implemented, for instance, the government of Rwanda promised free education both in primary and ordinary level, but up to now the parents are crying foul, as a result of the promise made by the President during the election period.

The responsible body parties should be giving through explanations to the voters, to clear confusion and mysteries surrounding the payment of different types of school dues, in the names of amafaranga y’umuzamu, (money for the guard) agahimbaza musyi, (incentive for the teacher) amafaranga ya cour (money for coaching upper primary) and Umusanzu wa 9year basic education which is now 12year basic education.

As if that is not enough, there are other extra payments made by the people, who include among others: money for night patrol, that starts from 1000frw on a monthly basis money for garbage collection which starts from 1500frw, health insurance which starts from 3000 frw, which is compulsory, regardless of whether is insured within RAMA, education fund which starts from 2500 onwards, money that is charged for ubudehe (which means communal labour force)


When the population is subjected to such unjustifiable charges, and moreover, when prior to elections candidates pledge to the voters that the existing stumbling blocks will be cleared.

To me it is tantamount to insinuating the candidates happened to promise the people the fundamental change.

If democracy is characterized by accountability, let the relevant ministries clear the mysteries that have been lingering in the voters’ minds since 2003.

Another case in point is in regard to the connectivity, where the Ministry in charge of information and communication technology (ICT) had earlier on pledged to have halved the connectivity by 2015, but according to the Rwanda Utility and regulatory authority (RURA) officials, the target seems to have come to a halt, it is to this effect that the population must be fully explained about the miscarriage of some of the promises happen to have been committed on the political arena.

The construction of Karisimbi mast which was said to be the fundamental, in the field transport and communication, but seemingly the project of the telecommunication mast appears to have come to a halt, no explanations have been given, and this is a loophole, which under normal circumstances would be cemented to clear doubts. Just for the sake of Public money which was invested in.

When such problems are not solved, they prevent the much desired development, because they act as setbacks to development. This can be elaborated through the lack of capacity to be equipped with the means creating self employment, as a result of having had inadequate education, through the setbacks cited within the sector, thus crippling the ability of the people who happen to have had the type of education reminiscent that of the current children receive, due to the factors pointed out.

The efficiency of institutions paves the way for egalitarian share of the national cake, thereby thwarting incidences like the ones that have been manifested in the North African region and some parts of the Middle East. There is no way a child will receive education that will enable him/her to compete for the few employment opportunities with the rest within the region, when his/her educational background has been identified with class room intermittent attendance, yet others from the region will not have encountered such short comings, lest assuring them of a future job market dominance as a result.

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